文献综述literature review万能模板+高分句型!

发布日期:2023-10-10

(原创文章,请勿转载)


文献综述literature review是毕业论文里最重要的一个部分之一,且是文章的开端部分,

可以说literature review写的好,文章给人的第一印象就成功了一半。

今天这篇文章,就要来和大家介绍literature review的写法,结构,以及句型。

第一步:介绍理论背景 (theoretical framework)

在回顾具体的文献前,需要先介绍出你的research topic下的理论背景或模型,

因为这是所有literaturefoundation!是最fundamental的东西!

第二步. 介绍已有研究 (existing literature)

回顾的时候一定要做到两件事:

1.有重点!

这里注意,虽然是literature review,但一定不是文献的堆积,要be selective

选出最和你研究课题相关的4-5篇文章重点回顾,其他的可以简略的说。

2. 有层次!

不仅单篇文章重要,文章和文章之间的相互关系更重要!所以需要你对阅读的literature进行归纳分类和比对。

例如可以把相同观点(或使用相同研究方法)的文章在一个段落介绍;

同时要突出文献之间的冲突感!因为有了冲突感才能让文献回顾显得有层次,激发读者兴趣往下读!

【已有研究】万能句型

Recent evidence suggests that …

Extensive/Previous/Prior research has shown that …

Previous research has established that …

A series of recent studies have indicated that…

Studies over the past two decades have provided important information on …

There is a growing body of literature that investigates…

Ample evidence exists to support the view/hypothesis that…

Researchers have become increasingly interested in…

… is an emerging research area in the field of …

【研究冲突】万能句型

The extent to which … has remained controversial.

Whether and the extent to which … determines the … is controversial.

However, the extent to which the model of … influences … has been under much debate in the field of…. Some … whereas some …

There appear to be discrepancies between some of the reported observations.

The results on this question are mixed.

Research on this issue presents conflicting findings.

The literature on __ is less consistent.

There is far less consensus as to…

第三步. 介绍research gap

已有的研究回顾完了,就该展现你的研究了。也就是我们必须要回答的why you are doing what you are doing的问题。

现有研究存在哪些问题?

哪些还没有被研究到?

哪些文章你没有被它们的结论convince

哪些地方你觉得需要被改进?

这都是你的critical thinking,是属于你的精华!

research gap】万能句型 (缺少前人研究)

While/Whist/Although some/extensive/a considerable body of research has been carried out on …, much less is known about…

To date, this problem has received little/scant attention in the research literature.

The role of … in … is less certain/understudied/poorly understood.

So far, however, there has been very little discussion about…

In contrast to…, there is much less information about the effects of…

research gap】万能句型 (前人研究缺陷)

This seems to be a common problem in…

The limitations of … are increasingly apparent.

One limitation in … is that…

The existing studies have many problems in …

The existing accounts fail to resolve/address…

Half of the studies evaluated failed to specify…

…’s research is not without controversy.

第四步. 介绍当前的研究(the current study)

最后就可以很自然的引出你的study了。这里是一个overview,以及需要再次明确你的research aim

这里应该和第三步的研究断层一致,才能前后呼应。

research aim】万能句型

This study/paper/essay is aimed at…/provides an overview of.../discusses the role of ... in.../investigates the factors that determine…

The aim of this study is twofold. The first is to…. The second is to ….

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